What is Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes Is a disease condition when your immune system destroys the beta cells of the pancreas.  The beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin. This type of diabetes is mostly seen in children and young adults.  It is also called Juvenile diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is the beta cells being destroyed by diseases or viruses or other secondary causes. As a result, the body system cannot produce insulin. The beta cells are destroyed. Glucose cannot get into the system and is left circulating in the blood. This consistent high blood sugar has many complications.

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. it is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Therefore the system needs insulin for life. The type of diabetes is insulin dependent.

Type 1 diabetes is an insulin dependency for life. It requires careful monitoring to avoid life-threatening conditions.  Type 1 is not a lifestyle disease that you outgrow.  It is not preventable or curable.

Currently, Type 1 diabetes affects about 1.6 million people in the US. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic/lifelong disease. The pancreas produces little or no insulin to control blood sugar levels properly.  It is auto-immune disease.  The person requires an insulin pump or injection for life.

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease with the destruction of the pancreas that produces insulin destroyed.  This makes the body unable to produce insulin. Insulin is required to convert glucose to energy.  The glucose that we have in our system comes through the food we eat.  In type 1 diabetes the body cannot make insulin. Without insulin, glucose cannot make it into the bloodstream

Common symptoms

  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained urination
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurry vision
  • Irritability and mood swings
  • Fruity breath

Emergency symptoms of diabetes

  • Rapid breathing or labored breathing
  • Belly pain
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Shaking and confusion
  • Fruity smell

Autoimmune disease—-islet of cell destruction—insulin deficiency—clinical type 1 diabetes.

Photo by Mykenzie Johnson on Unsplash

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